Popullation and families
Globally, there are about 62 million more men than women in the world. It is interesting, that in younger age groups men outnumber women, but in older age groups women outnumber men.
Nowadays both men and women are getting married later – men marry at age 29, but women marry at age 25. In developing regions more than 1 in 4 women at age 20 – 24 are married before they turn 18. These proportions are higher in sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia. Informal unions are on the rise all over the world, exceeding 30% in many countries.
In most countries among divorced or separated couples at age 45 – 49 there are at least 5 women for every 4 men. 3 in 4 one-parent households are lone mothers with children. Women at older ages (60+) are more likely than men to live in one-person households. This tendency is more observed in developed regions.
Globally, life expectancy has risen over the last 20 years for both genders. In 1995 women lived for about 64 years, but now they live for about 72 years. In 1995 men lived for about 60 years, but now they live for about 68 years. Also maternal health has improved considerably globally – in 1990 there were 380 deaths per 100 000 live births, but in 2013 there were 210 deaths per 100 000 live births.
Women are less likely to exercise than men, therefore, obesity is more prevalent among women than men. The prevalence of tobacco smoking is higher among men than women. Men are also more likely to be involved in heavy episodic drinking than women.
HIV / AIDS and maternal conditions are the leading causes of death for young women. Top 3 causes of death among young men are road injuries, interpersonal violence, as well as self-harm. For both women and men aged 60+ cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death, but men are at higher risk of dying due to ischemic heart disease. Women are more likely to be affected by dementia – 25% – 50% women who are older than 85 years have dementia.
Breast and cervical cancer are the most common cancers which affect women. Lung cancer is the most common type of cancer among men over 60.